Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.489, No.2, 96-102, 2017
RIZ1 is regulated by estrogen and suppresses tumor progression in endometrial cancer
Endometrial cancer (EC) is the estrogen-dependent gynecologic malignancy, however the molecular mechanism involved in the development and progression of EC remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of RIZ1 in EC. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that RlZlwas decreased in EC than in normal endometrium. Lower RIZ1 level was correlated with high-grade carcinoma (p = 0.048) and positive expression of ER alpha (p = 0.004). In EC cells, estrogen could down regulated the expression of RIZ1, however, ICI182,780 could up regulated the expression of RIZ1. Besides, in vitro and in vivo, RIZ1 could remarkably suppress tumor proliferation, metastasis and invasion. Our data support that RIZ1 was a novel tumor suppressor and could provide a potential therapeutic target in human EC. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.