Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.28, No.7, 1696-1703, 2017
Impact of precursor solution concentration to form superparamagnetic MgFe2O4 nanospheres by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique for magnetic thermotherapy
The superparamagnetic magnesium ferrite (MgFe2O4) dense nanospheres are synthesized by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis (USP) method from different concentrations of the initial precursor solution. The effect of precursor solution concentration on the particle's size, morphology, and superparamagnetic behavior has been investigated. XRD results confirm that studied precursor concentration (0.06, 0.12 and 0.24 M) exhibited single phase cubic structure. The mean crystallites size (called as primary particles) of 0.06, 0.12 and 0.24 M samples are 9.6, 11.5, 11.0 nm, respectively but the entire nanosphere's diameter (called as secondary particles) increases from 206 to 340 nm with increasing precursor concentration. TEM analysis also reveals that nanospheres consist of densely aggregated crystallites of spherical shape and smooth surface. The value of polydispersity index (PDI) shows narrower size distribution for lower concentration. Magnetic properties indicate the superparamagnetic nature for all samples. Herein, the appropriate induction heat generation rate with better morphology was obtained for 0.06 M concentration. Ion release in the aqueous solution of the composition (about 95% for Mg; 99% for Fe) indicating better stability has been confirmed by ICP-OES test. In this approach, as-synthesized nanospheres are suitable for using as a heating agent in magnetic thermotherapy application. (C) 2017 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.