Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.28, No.8, 1943-1953, 2017
Oxygen functionalized carbon nanocomposite derived from natural illite as adsorbent for removal of cationic and anionic dyes
Oxygen functionalized carbon nanocompositse (O-I@C) based on glucose and illite were obtained through mild hydrothermal process and surface oxidation. The surface properties of the prepared O-I@C were analyzed by Boehm titration, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Specific surface area (BET). The results showed that the surfaces of the prepared O-I@C nanocomposites were functionalized with abundant oxygen-containing functional groups (OFGs). The functionalized O-I@C nanocomposites were proven to be effective adsorbents for fast removal of congo red (CR) and methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution within 10 min. It is demonstrated that the initial pH of dyes solution has an important influence on the adsorption process of both CR and MB, indicating that the OFGs created on the surfaces of the materials are responsible for the promoted adsorption ability. Furthermore, it is also proved that the adsorption isotherms of CR and MB obey the Langmuir model, with the maximum adsorption capacities of 238.40 mg/g and 215.28 mg/g, respectively. In addition, the used materials could be regenerated by washing with NaOH solution and reused at least four times, which exhibits potential applications as efficient and easily reusable adsorbents for the rapid removal of anionic dye CR and cationic dye MB from wastewater. (C) 2017 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.