화학공학소재연구정보센터
Clean Technology, Vol.23, No.2, 133-139, June, 2017
바이오매스 및 생분해 촉매제를 이용한 산화생분해 투명 바이오 필름 개발
Development of Oxo-biodegradable Transparent Bio Films Using Biomass and Biodegradable Catalyst
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초록
식물로부터 유래하는 바이오매스를 25% 이상 함유하는 바이오 베이스 플라스틱은 탄소배출을 억제하는 효과가 있고, 한정 된 자원인 석유의 소비량을 줄일 수 있으며, 산화생분해 첨가제를 추가 적용하면 폐기 후에는 미생물에 의해 생분해되기 때문에 친환경적인 소재로 최근 연구가 활발하다. 본 연구에서는 염화비닐수지에 식물체 유래 가소제, 생분해 촉매제를 첨가 하여 생분해성 및 물성변화등을 관찰하였다. 또한 초기 신장율과 인장강도 등의 물성이 우수한 자연에서 분해되는 산화 생 분해 투명 바이오 필름을 제조하여 식품포장재로서의 제품 안전성을 시험하였다. 염화비닐 수지와 1차 가소제, 2차 가소제, 방담제, 안정제를 비율에 맞게 투입한 다음, 고속혼합기에서 혼합한 후, 압출성형기를 이용하여 압출한 뒤 냉각 와인더 롤을 통해 두께 12 μm의 대조구와 산화생분해 투명 바이오 필름을 제조하였다. 기계적 물성으로 인장강도, 연신율 및 최대하중 연신율을 측정하였으며, 생분해 실험을 실시하였다. 식물체 유래 가소제, 생분해 촉매제로 제조된 투명 바이오 필름은 대조구 대비 인장강도 및 연신율이 큰 차이가 없는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 ASTM D 6954-04 방법에 따라 45일간 생분해 테스트를 한 결과 표준물질인 셀룰로오스 분말 대비 61.4%의 생분해를 나타내었다.
Bio-based plastics containing the biomass content higher than 25 wt% have been considered as environment-friendly materials due to their effects on the reduction in the CO2 emission and petroleum consumption as well as biodegradability after use. In this study, poly vinyl chloride, plant-derived plasticizers, by adding a biodegradable catalyst was observed a change in the biodegradability and physical properties. To produce the oxidative decomposition transparent bio film, which is broken down in the initial percent elongation and physical properties such as tensile strength, it was to test the safety of the product as a food packaging material. Poly vinyl chloride, primary plasticizer, secondary plasticizer, anti fogging agent, the combined stabilizer were mixed in a high speed mixer, then extruded using an extrusion molding machine, after cooling, winding, to produce a oxidative decomposition transparent bio film and the control film, with a thickness of 12μm through winder role. Mechanical properties tensile strength, elongation, and the maximum load elongation and biodegradation test. Transparent bio film produced by biodegradation catalyst is compared with the control film. Tensile strength and elongation of films were found to be no significant difference. Further, as a result of the biodegradation test for 45 days based on the ASTM D6954-04 method, biodegrability of film is 61.4%
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