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Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol.164, No.2, A54-A60, 2017
Theoretical Analysis of Interactions between Potassium Ions and Organic Electrolyte Solvents: A Comparison with Lithium, Sodium, and Magnesium Ions
Ion-solvent interactions play a crucial role in secondary battery systems: the desolvation of ions at an electrode/electrolyte interface can be the rate-determining step of a battery reaction, for instance. The present theoretical study investigates the interactions between K ions and organic electrolyte solvents for application in non-aqueous K-ion batteries, which have recently drawn interest as novel rechargeable batteries. Compared to Li, Na, and Mg ions, K ions display the lowest interaction energy, reflecting the large ionic radius and weak Lewis acidity of K. The weak interaction of K ions with solvents is consistent with the high rate capability exhibited by K-ion batteries and the relatively low solubility of K-ion salts observed experimentally. (C) 2016 The Electrochemical Society.