Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Vol.31, No.13, 1441-1453, 2017
Power feed synthesis of pressure-sensitive latex adhesives
Latex particles with the same core composition of poly(MMA-coALMA) and different shell compositions of poly(BA-co-AA) were prepared by semibatch emulsion polymerization using 'power feed' monomer and chain transfer agent addition methods in the shell layers. The seed stage involved formation of seed particles of 111 nm in diameter with a batch process. After that, two growth stages formed the final particle diameter, d(z) = 300 nm measured by dynamic light scattering. The gel content and the molecular parameters of the polymer were determined. The adhesive properties including loop tack, peel force and shear resistance were measured according to the FINAT test methods No. 9, 1 and 8. An evaluation was also made for the relationship between pressure-sensitive properties and molecular parameters. Introducing power feed to semibatch emulsion polymerization had no significant effect on the latex preparations and could improve the final conversion and the colloidal stability. The observed particles were grown without significant secondary nucleation. The power feed methods had no effect on the glass transfer temperature (T-g) of the shell layer also. Emulsion polymerization conducted by positive power feed resulted in the formation of longer primary polymer chains at the beginning than that conducted by negative power feed and standard uniform feed, which caused a very high gel fraction. As pressure-sensitive adhesives prepared by using the positive power feed had the highest gel content and strongest core-shell interaction, they exhibited the highest shear resistance, but the lowest tack and peel force.