IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, Vol.62, No.4, 1752-1767, 2017
Solving the Infinite-Horizon Constrained LQR Problem Using Accelerated Dual Proximal Methods
This work presents an algorithmic scheme for solving the infinite-time constrained linear quadratic regulation problem. We employ an accelerated version of a popular proximal gradient scheme, commonly known as the Forward-Backward Splitting (FBS), and prove its convergence to the optimal solution in our infinite-dimensional setting. Each iteration of the algorithm requires only finite memory, is computationally cheap, and makes no use of terminal invariant sets; hence, the algorithm can be applied to systems of very large dimensions. The acceleration brings in "optimal" convergence rates O(1/k(2)) for function values and O(1/k) for primal iterates and renders the proposed method a practical alternative to model predictive control schemes for setpoint tracking. In addition, for the case when the true system is subject to disturbances or modelling errors, we propose an efficient warm-starting procedure, which significantly reduces the number of iterations when the algorithm is applied in closed-loop. Numerical examples demonstrate the approach.