Electrochimica Acta, Vol.227, 185-193, 2017
Electrodeposition of compact zinc from the hydrophobic Bronsted acidic ionic liquid-based electrolytes and the study of zinc stability along with the acidity manipulation
Compact crystalline zinc was electrodeposited on stainless-steel electrode (SS) via potentiostatic/galvanostatic electrolysis from the hydrophobic Bronsted acidic ionic liquid, protonated betaine bis ((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)imide (IL [Hbet][TFSI]), -based electrolytes containing ZnCl2 or ZnO under argon or ambient air atmosphere. Approximate 10 wt% of propylene carbonate and water, respectively, were used as the co-solvents for [Hbet][TFSI] to form the IL-based electrolytes. The efficiency of zinc deposition/stripping, which is significantly affected by the Bronsted acidity of the IL-based electrolytes, was studied at glassy carbon electrode (GC) to evaluate the stability of the zinc electrodeposits along with the electrolyte acidity. The stability is very poor for the zinc electrodeposits obtained from ZnCl2 solution. However, it increases with increasing the quantity of ZnO or urea in the electrolytes; the former neutralize the dissociable protons in [Hbet] cations to form water, and the latter may form H-bonding with [Hbet] or be protonated to form the weakly acidic cations [HUrea]. Both suppress the reaction between the Zn electrodeposits and protons. The stability of the Zn electrodeposits, therefore, can be improved via the manipulation of the IL acidity. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.