Bioresource Technology, Vol.223, 250-258, 2017
Isolation, identification and characterization of Cystobasidium oligophagum JRC1: A cellulase and lipase producing oleaginous yeast
Oleaginous yeast closely related to Cystobasidium oligophagum was isolated from soil rich in cellulosic waste. The yeast was isolated based on its ability to accumulate intracellular lipid, grow on carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and produce lipase. It could accumulate up to 39.44% lipid in a glucose medium (12.45 +/- 0.97 g/l biomass production). It was able to grow and accumulate lipids (36.46%) in the medium containing CMC as the sole carbon source. The specific enzyme activities obtained for endoglucanase, exoglucanase, and b-glucosidase were 2.27, 1.26, and 0.98 IU/mg respectively. The specific enzyme activities obtained for intracellular and extracellular lipase were 2.16 and 2.88 IU/mg respectively. It could grow and accumulate lipids in substrates including glycerol (42.04%), starch (41.54%), xylose (36.24%), maltose (26.31%), fructose (24.29%), lactose (21.91%) and sucrose (21.72%). The lipid profile of the organism was suitable for obtaining biodiesel with desirable fuel properties. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.