Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.482, No.4, 1176-1182, 2017
Structural and functional study of ChuY from Escherichia coli strain CFT073
The uropathogenic Escherichia coli strain CFT073 contains multiple iron and heme transport systems, which facilitate infection of the host urinary tract. To elucidate the molecular and cellular function of ChuY, a hypothetical gene in the heme degradation/utilization pathway, we solved the crystal structure of ChuY at 2.4 angstrom resolution. ChuY has high structural homology with human biliverdin and flavin reductase. We confirmed that ChuY has flavin mononucleotide (FMN) reductase activity, using NAD(P)H as a cofactor, and shows porphyrin ring binding affinity. A chuY deletion-insertion strain showed reduced survival potential compared to wild-type and complemented strains in mammalian cells. Current results suggest ChuY acts as a reductase in heme homeostasis to maintain the virulence potential of E. coli CFT073. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.