Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.482, No.4, 1160-1164, 2017
Cardiomyocyte-released factors stimulate oligodendrocyte precursor cells proliferation
The heart produces multiple diffusible factors that are involved in a number of physiological processes, but the action of these factors on the central nervous system is not well understood. In this study, we found that one or more factors released by cardiomyocytes promote oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) proliferation in vitro. Mouse OPCs co-cultured with mouse cardiomyocytes showed higher proliferative ability than OPC5 cultured alone. In addition, cardiomyocyte-conditioned media was sufficient to promote OPC proliferation. The phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in OPCs is necessary for the enhancement of OPC proliferation by cardiomyocyte-conditioned media. These data indicate that heart-derived factors have the ability to directly regulate the function of central nervous system (CNS) cells. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.