Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.482, No.4, 987-993, 2017
miR-451 inhibits cell growth, migration and angiogenesis in human osteosarcoma via down-regulating IL 6R
Osteosarcoma (OS) has become one of the most common primary malignant tumors in the children and adolescents with a poor prognosis owing to its high malignant and metastatic potential. Although increasing evidence indicates that miR-451 could inhibit the growth and metastasis of OS, its effect on angiogenesis in OS is still very poor. What is more, the mechanism by which miR-451 affects the OS has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, miR-451 was reduced in human osteosarcoma tissues compared with the adjacent bone tissues, and the introduction of miR-451 dramatically inhibited the growth, migration and angiogenesis in OS. Additionally, it was suggested that IL 6R is a direct target gene of miR-451. Silencing of IL 6R suppressed the growth, migration and angiogenesis of OS, which was consistent with the effect of overexpression of miR-451. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that miR-451 may function as a potential suppressor of tumor growth, migration and angiogenesis in OS via down-regulating IL 6R, suggesting a promising therapeutic avenue for managing OS. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.