Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.482, No.4, 727-734, 2017
Adipokine CTRP6 improves PPAR gamma activation to alleviate angiotensin II-induced hypertension and vascular endothelial dysfunction in spontaneously hypertensive rats
Angiotensin 11 (AngII) is the most important component of angiotensin, which has been regarded as a major contributor to the incidence of hypertension and vascular endothelial dysfunction. The adipocytokine C1g/TNF-related protein 6 (CTRP6) was recently reported to have multiple protective effects on cardiac and cardiovascular function. However, the exact role of CTRP6 in the progression of AngII induced hypertension and vascular endothelial function remains unclear. Here, we showed that serum CTRP6 content was significantly downregulated in SHRs, accompanied by a marked increase in arterial systolic pressure and serum AngII, CRP and ET-1 content. Then, pcDNA3.1-mediated CTRP6 delivery or CTRP6 siRNA was injected into SHRs. CTRP6 overexpression caused a significant decrease in AngII expression and AngII-mediated hypertension and vascular endothelial inflammation. In contrast, CTRP6 knockdown had the opposite effect to CTRP6 overexpression. Moreover, we found that CTRP6 positively regulated the activation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway and the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma), a recently proven negative regulator of Angli, in the brain and vascular endothelium of SHRs. Finally, CTRP6 was overexpressed in endothelial cells, and caused a significant increase in PPAR gamma activation and suppression in AngII-mediated vascular endothelial dysfunction and apoptosis. The effect of that could be rescued by the ERR inhibitor PD98059. In contrast, silencing CTRP6 suppressed PPAR gamma activation and exacerbated Angll-mediated vascular endothelial dysfunction and apoptosis. In conclusion, CTRP6 improves PPAR gamma activation and alleviates AngII-induced hypertension and vascular endothelial dysfunction. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.