화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.486, 571-576, 2017
Vav1 expression is increased in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and indicates poor prognosis
Recently, Vav1 has been suggested to play an essential role in the progression of human cancers. However, the correlation between Vav1 expression and prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is still unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate Vav1 expression and its prognostic value in ESCC. The expression of Vav1 was detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcription poIymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting in ESCC tissues and matched nontumorous tissues. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was carried out to detect Vav1 expression in paraffin samples from 112 primary ESCC patients. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to evaluate the correlation of Vav1 expression with prognosis of ESCC patients. The expression levels of Vav1 mRNA and protein in ESCC tissues were both significantly higher than those in adjacent nontumorous tissues. High Vav1 expression was significantly correlated with larger tumor size (P = 0.015), depth of tumor invasion (P = 0.023), lymph node metastasis (P = 0.008) and TNM stage (P < 0.001). The rate of overall survival (OS) was significantly lower in patients with high Vav1 expression than those with low Vav1 expression (P = 0.014). Multivariate Cox analysis indicated that Vav1 expression is an independent prognostic factor for OS (HR = 1.660, 95% CI = 1.058-2.607, P = 0.028). In summary, our findings demonstrate that Vav1 may be a candidate molecular prognostic marker for patients with ESCC. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.