Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.484, No.1, 125-131, 2017
The difference in in vivo sensitivity between Bacillus licheniformis PerR and Bacillus subtilis PerR is due to the different cellular environments
PerR, a member of Fur family of metal-dependent regulators, is a major peroxide sensor in many Gram positive bacteria, and controls the expression of genes involved in peroxide resistance. Bacillus licheniformis, a close relative to the well-studied model organism Bacillus subtilis, contains three PerR-like proteins (PerR(BL), PerR2 and PerR3) in addition to Fur and Zur. In the present study, we characterized the role of PerR(BL) in B. licheniformis. In vitro and in vivo studies indicate that PerR(BL), like PerR(BS), uses either Fe2+ or Mn2+ as a corepressor and only the Fe2+-bound form of PerR(BL) senses low levels of H2O2 by iron-mediated histidine oxidation. Interestingly, regardless of the difference in H2O2 sensitivity, if any, between PerR(BL) and PerR(BS), B. licheniformis expressing PerR(BL) or PerR(BS) could sense lower levels of H2O2 and was more sensitive to H2O2 than B. subtilis expressing PerR(BL) or PerR(BS). This result suggests that the differences in cellular milieu between B. subtilis and B. licheniformis, rather than the intrinsic differences in PerRBs and PerRBL per se, affect the H2O2 sensing ability of PerR inside the cell and the H2O2 resistance of cell. In contrast, B. licheniformis and B. subtilis expressing Staphylococcus aureus PerR (PerR(SA)), which is more sensitive to H2O2 than PerR(BL) and PerR(BS), were more resistant to H2O2 than those expressing either PerR(BL) or PerR(BS). This result indicates that the sufficient difference in H2O2 susceptibility of PerR proteins can override the difference in cellular environment and affect the resistance of cell to H2O2. 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.