Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.483, No.3, 917-922, 2017
NIP-SNAP-1 and-2 mitochondrial proteins are maintained by heat shock protein 60
NIP-SNAP-1 and -2 are ubiquitous proteins thought to be associated with maintenance of mitochondrial function, neuronal transmission, and autophagy. However, their physiological functions remain largely unknown. To elucidate their functional importance, we screened for proteins that interact with NIP SNAP-1 and -2, resulting in identification of HSP60 and P62/SQSTMI as binding proteins. NIP-SNAP-1 and -2 localized in the mitochondrial inner membrane space, whereas HSP60 localized in the matrix. Native gel electrophoresis and filter trap assays revealed that human HSP60 prevented aggregation of newly synthesized NIP-SNAP-2 in an in vitro translation system. Moreover, expression levels of NIP SNAP-1 and -2 in cells were decreased by knockdown of HSP60, but not HSP10. These findings indicate that HSP60 promotes folding and maintains the stability of NIP-SNAP-1 and -2. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.