Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.101, No.8, 3227-3235, 2017
FIP-sch2, a new fungal immunomodulatory protein from Stachybotrys chlorohalonata, suppresses proliferation and migration in lung cancer cells
Fungal immunomodulatory protein (FIP)-sch2, an immunomodulatory protein identified in the ascomycete Stachybotrys chlorohalonata by a sequence similarity search, is a novel member of the FIP family. FIP-sch2 shares high sequence identity, structure, and evolutionary conservation with previously reported FIPs. It was satisfactorily expressed in Escherichia coli with a glutathione S-transferase (GST) tag and purified by GST-affinity magnetic beads. To characterize the direct antitumor effects, human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells were treated with different concentrations of recombinant FIP (rFIP)-sch2 in vitro, and the results showed that rFIP-sch2 could reduce cell viability dose-dependently with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 9.48 mu g/mL. Furthermore, rFIP-sch2 at 8 mu g/mL could significantly induce apoptosis and interrupt migration in A549 cells. Notably, the antitumor effect of rFIP-sch2 was equivalent to that of rLZ-8 but was obviously increased compared to rFIP-fve. In addition, the exploration of the antitumor mechanism suggested that rFIP-sch2 induced lung cancer cell death by activating apoptosis and inhibiting migration. Our results indicated that rFIP-sch2 was a promising candidate for use in future cancer therapy.