Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.101, No.5, 1869-1875, 2017
Production of optically pure D-lactic acid from brown rice using metabolically engineered Lactobacillus plantarum
Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) of d-lactic acid was performed using brown rice as both a substrate and a nutrient source. An engineered Lactobacillus plantarum NCIMB 8826 strain, in which the EY-lactate dehydrogenase gene was disrupted, produced 97.7 g/L d-lactic acid from 20% (w/v) brown rice without any nutrient supplementation. However, a significant amount of glucose remained unconsumed and the yield of lactic acid was as low as 0.75 (g/g-glucose contained in brown rice). Interestingly, the glucose consumption was significantly improved by adapting L. plantarum cells to the low-pH condition during the early stage of SSF (8-17 h). As a result, 117.1 g/L d-lactic acid was produced with a high yield of 0.93 and an optical purity of 99.6% after 144 h of fermentation. SSF experiments were repeatedly performed for ten times and d-lactic acid was stably produced using recycled cells (118.4-129.8 g/L). On average, d-lactic acid was produced with a volumetric productivity of 2.18 g/L/h over 48 h.