Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol.206, 692-703, 2017
High surface area mesoporous nanocast LaMO3 (M = Mn, Fe) perovskites for efficient catalytic ozonation and an insight into probable catalytic mechanism
Mesoporous nanocast perovskites (NC-LaMnO3 and NC-LaFeO3) were synthesized by nanocasting technique using SBA-15 as a template and for the first time they were used in catalytic ozonation of 2-chlorophenol. For the purpose of comparison, uncast counterpart perovskites (CA-LaMnO3 and CA-LaFeO3) as well as Mn3O4 and Fe2O3 were also prepared by conventional citric acid assisted route. Nanocast perovskites possessed high specific surface area and large pore dimensions than uncast perovskites. Catalytic activity in terms of TOC removal followed the order of NC-LaMnO3 > NCLaFeO3 > CA-LaMnO3 > CA-LaFeO3 >Mn3O4>Fe2O3 >O-3 with 80, 68, 50, 43,39,33% and 25% respectively. A detailed study is conducted to discuss the mechanism of catalytic ozonation of selected NC-LaMnO3 perovskite by using organic and inorganic hydroxyl radical's quenchers, FTIR, florescence spectroscopy, EPR, ATR-FTIR, XPS, LSV, H2O2 detection, Raman spectroscopy, TPR-H2, Rct value calculation, ozone utilization efficiency and ozone decomposition. It was found that hydroxyl radicals rather than surface peroxide, surface atomic oxygen, superoxide and singlet oxygen were the reactive oxygen species contributed to high catalytic activity. Moreover, high surface area as well as open porous structure of nanocast perovskites were believed to enhance the catalytic activity by surface reaction and easy access of reactants to the active sites. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.