Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol.206, 293-299, 2017
Photocatalytic reduction behavior of hexavalent chromium on hydroxyl modified titanium dioxide
The selective adsorption of hexavalent chromium (Cr2O72-(Cr(VI))) and the desorption of trivalent chromium (Cr3+(Cr(III))) at the surface of photocatalysts are very important factors in determining the photocatalytic reduction activity of Cr(VI). Here, a homogeneous anchoring of hydroxyl groups on TiO2 was achieved via a simple soaking method in alkaline solution. The increase of surface hydroxyl groups was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transformed infrared spectra (FTIR). Moreover, the zeta potential analysis revealed the positive charged TiO2 surface in the acid system shown a significant improvement. The surface positive charges had the selective adsorption for Cr(VI) and desorption for Cr(III). Further experimental results revealed that such selective adsorption process played important roles in the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI). Finally, a process of selective adsorption/desorption promoted photocatalytic reduction of Cr(IV) was proposed in detail. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.