Langmuir, Vol.33, No.4, 1060-1065, 2017
Fabrication of Metal-Organic Framework and Infinite Coordination Polymer Nanosheets by the Spray Technique
We have developed a rapid and convenient method for fabricating metal-organic framework (MOF) and infinite coordination polymer (ICP) nanosheets by spraying the atomized solution of metal ions onto the organic ligand solution. Nanosheet formation could be attributed to the anisotropic diffusion of metal ions in the ligand solution, which may give rise to a lateral interface of metal ions and organic ligands, where the crystals tend to grow laterally in the form of nanosheets. Three kinds of Zn- and Cu-based MOF nanosheets and two kinds of Co-based ICP nanosheets have been successfully obtained by spraying under mild conditions. The two-dimensional structures of nanosheets with a nanometer thickness and a homogeneous size can be evidenced by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Brunauer Emmett Teller, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements. Furthermore, the fabricated ICP nanosheets have exhibited efficient catalytic performance for the conversion of CO2 to high-value-added chemicals. This spray technique simplifies the nanosheet production process by industrialized means and enhances its controllability by the fast liquid liquid interfacial fabrication, thus allowing access to the industrialized fabrication of MOF and ICP nanosheets.