Journal of Power Sources, Vol.341, 36-45, 2017
Membrane-less hybrid flow battery based on low-cost elements
The capital cost of conventional redox flow batteries is relatively high (>USD$ 200/kWh) due to the use of expensive active materials and ion-exchange membranes. This paper presents a membrane-less hybrid organic-inorganic flow battery based on the low-cost elements zinc (
92.7% with the use of carbon felt electrodes. In the presence of a fully oxidized active species close to its solubility limit, dissolution of the deposited anode is relatively slow (<2.37 g h(-1) cm(-2)) with an equivalent corrosion current density of <1.9 mA cm(-2). In a parallel plate flow configuration, the resulting battery was charge-discharge cycled at 30 mA cm(-2) with average coulombic and energy efficiencies of c.a. 71.8 and c.a. 42.0% over 20 cycles, respectively. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V.