Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, Vol.238, 80-91, 2016
Shear-induced particles migration in a Bingham fluid
Shear-induced particle migration in monodisperse and bi-disperse suspension of spherical particles in a Bingham fluid is considered. Previous models of particle migration in Newtonian suspensions are extended to account for the existence of un-yielded regions in the visco-plastic domain when forced to flow in a tube and in a concentric Couette device. In suspension with a monodisperse particle phase, it is shown that particle concentration is continuously augmented in low shear rate regions. The yield boundary is monotonically shifting, affecting the velocity profiles, and the power to maintain the flow is monotonically reduced. When the suspension size distribution is bi-modal, the migration, eventually, results in a separation of the species. Larger particles migrate to the low shear rate zones and the smaller phase is pushed away from there. The velocity profiles, yield boundary and power do not change monotonically, and several stages in this dynamics can be identified. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.