Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.326, 94-100, 2017
Lead relative bioavailability in soils based on different endpoints of a mouse model
Mouse is an acceptable animal model to measure lead (Pb) relative bioavailability (RBA) in contaminated soils; however, there is a lack of comparisons among Pb-RBA measurements based on different endpoints and dosing approaches. In this study, 12 soils (47.8-8123 mg Pb kg(-1)) were assessed for Pb-RBA using Pb accumulation in mouse liver, kidneys, and/or femur following a 10-d steady state soil dose via diet, with 6 soils being measured using mouse bioassays with area under the mouse blood Pb concentration time curve (AUC) following a single gavaged dose as the endpoint. Based on individual endpoints of the steady state method, Pb-RBA in soils was 2.1-83.4%, being generally consistent among liver, kidneys, and femur with strong linear correlations between them (r(2) = 0.74-0.89). To compensate variation in Pb distribution among different tissues, Pb-RBA was further calculated using a combined endpoint (e.g., sum of Pb accumulation in liver, kidneys, and femur). Compared to Pb-RBA based on individual tissue showing relative standard deviation (RSD) of 11.9-15.8%, Pb-RBA using the combined endpoint showed lower RSD (10.8%), thereby being more robust. For the 6 soils with Pb-RBA based on both mouse single gavaged and steady state dosing approach, no significant difference was observed; however, steady state approach was more repeatable among animals with lower RSD (11.4% vs. 34.5%). To ensure robustness of in vivo data, the steady state dosing approach with Pb accumulation in combined tissues is recommended. Published by Elsevier B.V.