Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.485, 123-128, 2017
Development of electrochemical sensor for the determination of palladium ions (Pd2+) using flexible screen printed un-modified carbon electrode
To date, the development of different modified electrodes have received much attention in electrochemistry. The modified electrodes have some drawbacks such as high cost, difficult to handle and not eco friendly. Hence, we report an electrochemical sensor for the determination of palladium ions (Pd2+) using an un-modified screen printed carbon electrode has been developed for the first time, which are characterized and studied via scanning electron microscope and cyclic voltammetry. Prior to determination of Pd2+ ions, the operational conditions of un-modified SPCE was optimized using cyclic voltammetry and showed excellent electro-analytical behavior towards the determination of Pd2+ ions. Electrochemical determination of Pd2+ ions reveal that the un-modified electrode showed lower detection limit of 1.321 mu M with a linear ranging from 3 to 133.35 mu M towards the Pd2+ ions concentration via differential pulse voltammetry. The developed sensor also applied to the successfully determination of trace level Pd2+ ions in spiked water samples. In addition, the advantage of this type of electrode is simple, disposable and cost effective in electrochemical sensors. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.