Journal of Catalysis, Vol.345, 78-86, 2017
Sunlight-driven sustainable production of hydrogen peroxide using a CdS-graphene hybrid photocatalyst
We demonstrate the sustainable production of H2O2 without organic electron donors by a CdS-reduced graphene oxide (RGO) photocatalyst in sunlight with water and oxygen as resources. Photocatalysts were prepared with various amounts of RGO (0-30 wt.% with respect to CdS) by a hydrothermal method. A photocatalyst containing 20 wt.% RGO (CdS-G2) showed maximum activity, and the amount of H2O2 produced (128 mu M) was almost five times higher than that produced by CdS nanoparticles (27 mu M) after 12 h sunlight irradiation. The results clearly revealed that the photocatalytic reaction mainly proceeds by two electron reduction of oxygen rather than water oxidation on the catalyst surface. The effects of reaction temperature and pH on the production of H2O2 were also investigated. We found that the production of H2O2 was enhanced at lower temperature and pH. The concentration of H2O2 reached to 164 and 156 mu M with CdS-G2 at 10 degrees C and 2, respectively. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.