Fuel Processing Technology, Vol.157, 65-75, 2017
Synchronous thermal analyses and kinetic studies on a caged-wrapping and sustained-release type of composite inhibitor retarding the spontaneous combustion of low-rank coal
In this paper, a novel type of composite inhibitor (PAA/SA-CC) was developed and characterized with the aim of achieving sustained and highly effective inhibition on spontaneous combustion of low-rank coal. A concept of realizing the caged-wrapping and sustained-releasing function of polymer as regard to high-activity chemical inhibitor was proposed, basing on which the composite inhibitor was prepared with poly(acrylic acid)/sodium alginate super absorbent and (+)-catechin. Subsequently, synchronous thermal analysis was carried out to investigate the influence of inhibitors on the tendency of coal to spontaneous combustion, Which was characterized by four characteristic temperatures and three other characteristic parameters marked. Furthermore, hot-surface ignition tests were conducted to validate the inhibition on coal ignition behavior. Finally, non-isothermal isoconversional methods were performed by Starink model and Friedman-Reich-Levi model, respectively. The results demonstrate that PAA/SA-CC synergizes the inhibiting characteristics of the two distinctive inhibitors, especially exerts a continuously high-efficiency inhibition on the coal-oxygen chemisorption, Which performs better than the case of mechanically blending. Besides, both the two kinetic analysis approaches agree on the results that the incorporation of 3 wt% PAA/SA-CC shifts the apparent activation energy-temperature evolution to higher levels. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.