Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.482, No.2, 375-381, 2017
MafB enhances the phagocytic activity of RAW264.7 macrophages by promoting Fcgr3 expression
This study was designed to investigate whether MafB influences the phagocytic activity of macrophages by modulating the expression of the Fc receptors for IgG (Fc gamma Rs), Fcgr2b and Fcgr3. In macrophages, Fc gamma Rs are critical for the phagocytosis of opsonized pathogens. Of these receptors, Fcgr3 has been shown to play an important role in host defense. As a model to evaluate the mechanism by which MafB influences phagocytosis, we utilized a macrophage cell-line that constitutively expresses a MafB-specific short hairpin (sh)RNA (RAW264.7-MafB-shRNA). Specifically, the levels of Fc receptor mediated-phagocytosis and the levels of Fc gamma Rs surface expression were evaluated by flow cytometry analysis, while quantitative real-time PCR analysis was utilized to examine the mRNA expression levels of Fc gamma Rs. Compared to the control cell population, RAW264.7-MafB-shRNA cells exhibited significant reductions in Fcgr3 expression and Fc receptor-mediated phagocytosis, but no difference in Fcgr2b expression. Likewise, there was markedly decreased surface expression of Fcgr3 antigen, but not Fcgr2b antigen, in RAW264.7-MafB-shRNA, compared to the control cells. Meanwhile, the observed reduction in the phagocytic activity of the MafB-shRNA-expressing cells was attenuated by ectopic expression of Fcgr3. Together, the results presented here indicate that MafB influences the phagocytic activity of macrophages by promoting Fcgr3, but not Fcgr2b, expression. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.