Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.482, No.2, 296-300, 2017
Biphasic actions of SecA inhibitors on Prl/Sec suppressors: Possible physiological roles of SecA-only channels
SecA is an essential component in the bacterial Sec-dependent protein translocation process. We previously showed that in addition to the ubiquitous, high-affinity SecYEG-SecDF-YajC protein translocation channel, there is a low-affinity SecA-only channel that elicits ion channel activity and promotes protein translocation. The SecA-only channels are less efficient, and like Prl suppressors, lack signal peptide specificity; they function in the absence of signal peptides. The presence of SecYEG-SecDF-YajC alters the sensitivity of ATPase inhibitor Rose Bengal. In this study, we found that the suppressor membranes are much more resistant to inhibition by Rose Bengal. Similar results have been found for a SecA-specific inhibitor. Moreover, biphasic responses of inhibition of ion current and protein translocation activities were observed for many PrlA/SecY and PrlG/SecE suppressor membranes, with a low IC50 value similar to that of the SecA-only channels and a very high IC50. However, the suppressor strains are as sensitive to the inhibitor as the parental strain, suggesting that SecA-only channels have some essential physiological function(s) in the cells that are inhibited by the specific SecA inhibitor. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.