Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.480, No.3, 436-442, 2016
High expression of CREPT promotes tumor growth and is correlated with poor prognosis in colorectal cancer
CREPT (cell cycle-related and expression elevated protein in tumor) is highly expressed in many kinds of cancer, and has been shown to be prognostic in certain cancers. However, the clinical significance of CREPT in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been sufficiently investigated. In this study, we examined the CREPT expression in 225 clinical CRC tissues and paired adjacent normal tissues, and analyzed the correlation between CREPT expression and other clinicopathological features. We also evaluated the biological function of CREPT both in vitro and in vivo using knockdown or overexpressing CRC cells. Our results showed that CREPT expressed in 175 of 225 (77.8%) CRC patients and the CREPT expression was significantly associated with tumor differentiation (P = 0.000), Dukes' stages (P = 0.013) and metastasis (P = 0.038). Patients with high CREPT expression tended to have shorter survival time. Multivariate analysis showed that positive CREPT expression can be used as an independent predictor for CRC prognosis. CREPT knockdown cells showed inhibited cell proliferation and arrested cell cycle, while CREPT overexpressing cells showed increased proliferation and promoted cell cycle. In addition, CREPT overexpression significantly promoted tumor growth in vivo. Mechanism study showed that CREPT may regulate cell proliferation and cell cycle through the regulation on cyclin D3, CDK4 and CDK6. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.