Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.480, No.3, 328-333, 2016
27-Hydroxycholesterol increases Myc protein stability via suppressing PP2A, SCP1 and FBW7 transcription in MCF-7 breast cancer cells
27-hydroxycholesterol (27-HC), the most abundant metabolite of cholesterol, is a risk factor for breast cancer. It can increase the proliferation of breast cancer cells and promote the metastasis of breast tumours in mouse models. Myc is a critical oncoprotein overexpressed in breast cancer. However, whether 27-HC affects Myc expression has not been reported. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the effects of 27-HC on Myc and the underlying mechanisms in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Our data demonstrated that 27-HC activated Myc via increasing its protein stability. Three key negative modulators of Myc protein stability, PP2A, SCP1 and FBW7, were suppressed by 27-HC at the transcriptional level. We performed a data-mining analysis of the chromatin immunoprecipitation with next-generation DNA sequencing (ChIP-Seq) data in the ChIPBase, and discovered that a number of putative transcription factors (TFs), including Myc itself, were involved in the transcriptional regulation of PP2A, SCP1 and FBW7. Our results provide a novel mechanistic insight into the activation of Myc by 27-HC via transcriptional repression of PP2A, SCP1 and FBW7 to increase Myc protein stability in breast cancer cells. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.