Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol.202, 611-619, 2017
Hybridization of rutile TiO2 (rTiO(2)) with g-C3N4 quantum dots (CN QDs): An efficient visible-light-driven Z-scheme hybridized photocatalyst
To make full use of solar light, fabrication of g-C3N4 quantum dots (CN QDs) modified rutile TiO2 (rTiO(2)) hybrid (CN QDs-rTiO(2)), using both visible light responsive semiconductors as components, was successfully achieved by calcination the mixture of P25 TiO2 and melamine at 500 degrees C for 4 h. It was found that CN QDs were in-situ formed during calcination, which were homogeneously deposited on the surface of rTiO(2). Modification of rTiO(2) by CN QDs not only improved the visible-light harvesting ability, but also retarded the recombination of photo-generated electron-hole pairs. CN QDs-rTiO(2) hybrid (S15) with nominal 15 at.% CN QDs loading showed the highest photocatalytic activity among all the photocatalysts, whatever for degradation of RhB or photocatalytic decomposition of NO, under visible light irradiation. The increased formation of center dot OH radicals in CN QDs modified rTiO(2) suspensions supports a Z-Scheme degradation mechanism instead of the formation of CN QDs-rTiO(2) heterojunctions. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.