Solar Energy, Vol.139, 171-178, 2016
Validation of a simple dynamic thermal performance characterization model based on the piston flow concept for flat-plate solar collectors
A simple dynamic characterization model of flat-plate solar collectors based on the piston flow concept is used both to identify the collector characteristic parameters and to predict the dynamic thermal performance. The heat transport time originally defined as (1 e(-1))(-1) tau(C) by Amrizal et al. (2012) for the model turns out to be the collector static response time constant tau(C) by analytical derivation. The nonlinear least squares method is applied to determine the characteristic parameters of a flat-plate solar air collector previously tested by the authors. Then the obtained parameters are used to predict the dynamic behavior of the collector outlet temperature. The model coefficients particularly C-3 in the simple dynamic characterization model are examined by the collector dynamic prediction under variable meteorological conditions. Meanwhile, the prediction accuracy of the simple dynamic model based on the first-order difference method is compared to that of the numerical solution of the collector ordinary differential equation (ODE) model using the fourth-order Runge-Kutta method. The improved thermal inertia model (TIM) on the basis of closed-form solution presented by Deng et al. (2016a) is also considered. The results show that the prediction performance of the simple dynamic model is nearly as accurate as the ODE numerical solution and the TIM by Deng et al. (2016a) except some special conditions such as sharply changed solar irradiance and collector inlet temperature. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.