Journal of Power Sources, Vol.332, 274-280, 2016
Na-Zn liquid metal battery
A new kind of membrane free liquid metal battery was developed. The battery employs liquid sodium and zinc as electrodes both in liquid state, and NaCI-CaCl2 molten salts as electrolyte. The discharge flat voltage is in the range of about 1.4 V-1.8 V, and the cycle efficiency achieved is about 90% at low discharge current densities (below 40 mA cm(-2)). Moreover, this battery can also be charged and discharged at high current density with good performance. The discharge flat voltage is above 1.1 V when it is discharged at 100 mA cm(-2), while it is about 0.8 V with 100% cycle efficiency when it is discharged at 200 mA cm(-2). Compared to other reported liquid metal battery, this battery has lower cost, which suggests broad application prospect in energy storage systems for power grid. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.