Energy, Vol.114, 155-164, 2016
Exergoeconomic analysis of photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) mixed mode greenhouse solar dryer
A hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) greenhouse solar dryer under forced mode has been proposed and different parameters have been evaluated for different climatic condition of Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi (28_350 N, 77_120E, 216 m above MSL), India. In the present study, radiation data and ambient air temperature have been taken from IMD (Indian Meteorological Department) Pune. Further, thermal modelling has been done for the PVT greenhouse dryer and different parameter such as crop temperature, greenhouse temperature, outlet air temperature and cell temperature have been calculated by the help of program made on MATLAB 2013a. Fair agreement has been found between theoretical and experimental data with correlation coefficient value (r) and root mean square percentage deviation (e) are 0.92 and 4.64, 0.99 and 0.97, 0.99 and 0.96 for solar cell, greenhouse room and crop temperature respectively. Further, on yearly basis useful thermal energy, useful electrical energy, useful equivalent thermal energy, thermal exergy and overall thermal efficiency have been calculated. Further, embodied energy, energy payback time, CO2 mitigation and carbon credit earn have also been calculated. It was found that payback time for system is 1.23 and 10years on the basis of overall thermal energy and overall exergy basis respectively. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.