Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.155, 248-257, 2016
Nucleation behavior of eszopiclone-butyl acetate solutions from metastable zone widths
Experimental data on the critical supercooling Delta T-max, a measure of metastable zone width (MSZWs), as a function of saturated temperature To and cooling rate R were analyzed to describe the nucleation behavior of unseeded eszopiclone-butylacetate solutions. The Nyvlt's semiempirical model and Sangwal's theory were employed, respectively. And moreover, we propose a modified model based on the Sangwal's theory in which the nucleation parameters are not dependent on saturation temperature To and nucleation temperature T-1 which can fit the experimental data better than Sangwal's theory. Furthermore, the pre-exponential A and solid liquid interfacial energy gamma can be obtained by employing this modified model, thus, sheds light on the relationship between nucleation parameters and the cooling rate R: Meanwhile, based on the Classical Nucleation Theory, with the estimated interfacial energies from the slope in the modified model, the critical nucleus size and critical Gibbs free energy were calculated and discussed. Then based on the Sangwal's theory, the nucleation activation barrier is found to be dependent on In R with an exponential relationship, hence, the relationship between nucleation barrier and pre-exponential A can be constructed. At last, the effects of agitation rate and working volume on MSZWs were investigated and discussed. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.