Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.479, No.4, 690-696, 2016
Proteasome inhibitor MG132 impairs autophagic flux through compromising formation of autophagosomes in Bombyx cells
MG132 has been used as a proteasome inhibitor on Bombyx cells, but its physiological effects on autophagy still have not been elucidated. In this study, we find that the lipidated BmAtg8, BmAtg8-PE as an autophagosomal marker protein, is only localized to membranes. Then we established systems to monitor autophagic flux in Bombyx cells: Induction of autophagy reduces exogenous BmAtg8 and exogenous BmAtg8-PE, facilitates formation of autophagosomes indicated by green EGFP-BmAtg8 puncta after cotreatment by Rapamycin and Bafilomycin A1, and causes accumulation of free EGFP from EGFP-BmAtg8 cleavage in autolysosomes. Using these established systems, we find that exposure of MG132 inhibits both basal and Rapamycin-induced autophagy when polyubiquitinated proteins are accumulated markedly in Bombyx cells. Interestingly, we reveal that attenuation of autophagy in these cells is ascribed as distinct suppression of formation of autophagosomes after MG132 treatment. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.