Applied Surface Science, Vol.389, 775-782, 2016
Enhanced photocatalytic H-2 production on CdS nanorod using cobalt-phosphate as oxidation cocatalyst
Employing visible light responsive semiconductor for photocatalytic hydrogen production by water splitting is an efficient way for utilizing renewable solar energy to solve the depletion of fossil fuel and environmental contamination. Herein, we report enhanced photocatalytic H-2-production performance over CdS nanorod using cobalt-phosphate (Co-Pi) as a water oxdation cocatalyst. The optimal Co-Pi modified CdS nanocomposite photocatalyst with the Co-Pi content of 8.4 mol% has a superior visible light H-2-production rate of 13.3 mmol h(-1) g(-1) with an apparent quantum efficiency of 24.3% at 420 nm, which is even higher than that of 1 wt% Pt-CdS (11.3 mmol h(-1) g(-1)) under the same conditions. The enhanced visible-light photocatalytic H-2 production activity was attributed to the hole trapping and collecting ability of Co-Pi cocatalyst, which could effectively suppress the recombination of photo-generated electron-hole pairs and increase the electron density for hydrogen production. This work shows a possibility of using earth-abundant Co-Pi as cocatalyst for enhancing photocatalytic H-2 production. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.