Protein Expression and Purification, Vol.127, 16-21, 2016
Cloning, expression, purification, and characterization of the catalytic domain of sika deer MMP-13
Matrix metalloproteinase 13 is one of three mammalian collagenases that are capable of initiating the degradation of interstitial collagens during wound healing. Herein, we report for the first time the molecular cloning of the catalytic domain (CD) of sika deer MMP-13, followed by protein expression in Escherichia coli and purification by affinity chromatography. The final yield was approximately 90.4 mg per liter of growth culture with a purity of 91.6%. The mass recovery during the purification and renaturation were 70.2% and 81.5%, respectively. Using gelatin zymography and a degradation assay, we found that the refolded sika deer MMP-13 (CD) could digest gelatin. The optimal pH and temperature for the enzyme bioactivity was 8.0 and 37 degrees C, respectively. The K. value for the enzyme-catalyzed digestion of gelatin was 136+/-8 mu g/mL, and the Vmax was 4.12 x 10(3) U/mu g. sdMMP13 (CD) was able to completely degrade collagen II and gelatin, and partially degrade fibronectin. The sdMMP-13 (CD) activity was significantly inhibited by several chemicals including 1, 10-phenanthroline, EDTA, Fe2+, Cu2+, and Mn3+. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.