Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.319, 34-42, 2016
Salicylic acid degradation by advanced oxidation processes. Coupling of solar photoelectro-Fenton and solar heterogeneous photocatalysis
A 3.0 L solar flow plant with a Pt/air-diffusion (anode/cathode) cell, a solar photoreactor and a photocatalytic photoreactor filled with TiO2-coated glass spheres has been utilized to couple solar photoelectro-Fenton (SPEF) and solar heterogeneous photocatalysis (SPC) for treating a 165 mg L-1 salicylic acid solution of pH 3.0. Organics were destroyed by (OH)-O-center dot radicals formed on the TiO2 photocatalyst and at the Pt anode during water oxidation and in the bulk from Fenton's reaction between added Fe2+ and cathodically generated H2O2, along with the photolytic action of sunlight. Poor salicylic acid removal and mineralization were attained using SPC, anodic oxidation with electrogenerated H2O2 (AO-H2O2) and coupled AO-H2O2-SPC. The electro-Fenton process accelerated the substrate decay, but with low mineralization by the formation of byproducts that are hardly destroyed by (OH)-O-center dot. The mineralization was strongly increased by SPEF due to the photolysis of products by sunlight, being enhanced by coupled SPEF-SPC due to the additional oxidation by (OH)-O-center dot at the TiO2 surface. The effect of current density on the performance of both processes was examined. The most potent SPEF-SPC process at 150 mA cm(-2) yielded 87% mineralization and 13% current efficiency after consuming 6.0Ah L-1. Maleic, fumaric and oxalic acids detected as final carboxylic acids were completely removed by SPEF and SPEF-SPC. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.