Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.55, No.17, 8844-8851, 2016
Resource-Efficient High-Yield lonothermal Synthesis of Microcrystalline Cu3-xP
Polycrystalline Cu3-xP was successfully synthesized in different ionic liquids comprising imidazolium and phosphonium cations. The reaction of elemental copper and red phosphorus in trihexyltetradecylphosphonium chloride at 200 degrees C led to single-phase Cu3-xP (x = 0.05) within 24 h with a quantitative yield (99%). Liquid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the ionic liquids revealed degeneration of the imidazolium cations under the synthesis conditions, while phosphonium cations remain stable. The solid products were characterized with X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and elemental analysis. A reinvestigation of the electronic transport properties of Cu2.95(4)P showed metallic behavior for the bulk material. The formation CuP2 during the synthesis of phosphorus-rich Cu3-xP (x >= 0.1) was observed.