화학공학소재연구정보센터
Polymer, Vol.97, 63-68, 2016
Effect of the naphthenic oil and precipitated silica on the crystallization of ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene
Ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMW-PE) belongs to the specialty polymer grade because of its unique properties. Among other applications, it is used for battery separator membranes elaboration for automotive applications. These PE separators are porous membranes composed of a blend of UHMWPE, naphthenic oil and precipitated silica. With the aim of understanding the membrane structuring mechanisms, we studied the influence of silica and oil concentrations on the UHMW-PE crystallization during the elaboration process. Results have shown that the high initial thickness of the UHMW-PE crystals is reduced after the process. Moreover, chi(C) (crystallinity) and T-C (crystallization temperature) are both controlled by the volume fraction of oil. The initial high crystallinity of UHMW-PE (chi(C) approximate to 65%) can be increased in the membrane with a high Oil/PE ratio. Furthermore, silica indirectly contributes to enhance the UHMW-PE crystallinity by acting as a reservoir, hence increasing the possible oil content in the blend. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.