화학공학소재연구정보센터
Applied Surface Science, Vol.384, 58-64, 2016
Platinum nanoparticles decorated dendrite-like gold nanostructure on glassy carbon electrodes for enhancing electrocatalysis performance to glucose oxidation
Platinum nanoparticles decorated dendrite-like gold nanostructure, bimetal composite materials on glassy carbon electrode (Pt/DGNs/GC) for enhancing electrocatalysis to glucose oxidation was designed and successfully fabricated by a facile two-step deposition method without any templates, surfactants, or stabilizers. Dendrite-like gold nanostructure was firstly deposited on the GC electrode via the potentio-static method, and then platinum nanoparticles were decorated on the surface of gold substrate through chemical reduction deposition. X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were applied to characterize the evolution of morphology and structure of the as-prepared Pt/DGNs/GC. Based on electrochemical measurements such as cyclic voltammetry, linear voltammetry and chronoamperometry, Pt/DGNs/GC exhibited significantly enhanced electrocatalytic performance to glucose oxidation compared those of pure dendrite-like Au nanoparticles in our previous report. Controlling chemical reduction deposition time, the amount of platinum nanoparticles on Au surface could be regulated, which further tuned electrocatalytic properties toward glucose oxidation. The dendrite-like gold surface partially covered by platinum nanoparticles dramatically enhanced the electrocatalytic performance for the oxidation of glucose because of excellent synergetic effects between gold and platinum species and the increased electrochemical active area from Pt nanoparticles loading. The non-enzymatic glucose biosensor based on Pt/DGNs/GC showed a rapid respond time (within 2s), wide linear range (from 0.1 mM to 14 mM), low detection limit (0.01 mM), supernal sensitivity (275.44 mu A cm(-2) mM(-1), R = 0.993), satisfactory reproducibility and good stability for glucose sensing. It was demonstrated that Pt/DGNs/GC could work as promising candidate for factual non-enzymatic glucose detection. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.