Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.100, No.13, 5829-5838, 2016
Extensive hydrolysis of phosphonates as unexpected behaviour of the known His(6)-organophosphorus hydrolase
The catalytic activity of hexahistidine-tagged organophosphorus hydrolase (His(6)-OPH) in hydrolytic reactions of methylphosphonic acid (MPA) and its monoesters and diesters being decomposition products of R-VX was demonstrated for the first time. The catalytic constants of enzyme in such reactions were determined. The mechanism of C-P bond cleavage in the MPA by His(6)-OPH was proposed. Such reaction was estimated to be carried out with the soluble and nanocapsulated forms of His(6)-OPH. His(6)-OPH was demonstrated to be capable of degrading the key organophosphorus components of reaction masses (RMs) that are produced by the chemical detoxification of R-VX and RMs are multi-substrate mixtures for this enzyme. The kinetic model describing the behaviour of His(6)-OPH in RMs was proposed and was shown to adequately fit experimental points during degradation of the real samples of RMs.