Thin Solid Films, Vol.607, 32-35, 2016
Upconversion photoluminescence of epitaxial Yb3+/Er3+ codoped ferroelectric Pb(Zr,Ti)O-3 films on silicon substrates
Thin films of Yb3+/Er3+ codoped Pb(Zr, Ti)O-3 (PZT:Yb/Er) have been epitaxially grown on the SrTiO3 buffered Si wafer by pulsed laser deposition. Strong upconversion photoluminescence was observed in the PZT: Yb/Er thin film. Using piezoresponse force microscopy, polar domains in the PZT: Yb/Er film can be reversibly switched with a phase change of 180 degrees. Ferroelectric hysteresis loop shape with a well-saturated response was observed. The epitaxially grown lanthanide-doped PZT on silicon opens up a promising route to the integration of luminescent functional oxides on the silicon platform. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.