Materials Research Bulletin, Vol.79, 41-51, 2016
Studies on synthesis of reduced graphene oxide (RGO) via green route and its electrical property
An environmentally friendly method has been applied for the preparation of reduced graphene oxide (RGO). This method was developed by using polyphenols that contained a phyto extract of Mangifera indica L. along with Solanum tuberosum L. as reducing agents since they are non-toxic and naturally available. The phytoextracts used in the production of RGO was set between 60 and 70 degrees C. Graphene oxide (GO) was prepared by modified Hummer's method as reported in earlier findings. Structural and morphological studies demonstrate that the part of the oxygen functionalities in GO can be removed by following green reduction. Characterizations of the resulting product have been done by X-ray diffraction, FTIR, UV-vis and Raman spectroscopy. FESEM, TEM, EDX spectrum, TGA, DLS and Zeta potential measurements of the samples have also been carried out to study the morphological, thermal and surface charge characteristics. Electrical conductivity was also measured to check the extent of reduction of GO to RGO. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.