Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, Vol.100, 53-59, 2016
Isobaric vapor-liquid-liquid-solid equilibrium of the water + NaCl+1-butanol system at 101.3 kPa
A mixture of water + NaCl + 1-butanol at 101.3 kPa is studied in order to determine the influence of salt on its experimental vapor-liquid-liquid-solid equilibrium. A detailed analysis of the evolution with temperature of the different equilibrium regions is carried out. The study is conducted at a constant pressure of 101.3 kPa in a recirculating still that has been modified by our research group. The changes in the 1-butanol/water composition ratio in the vapor phase that are provoked by the salt are studied as a function of equilibrium region. In addition, the mutual solubility of 1-butanol and water is assessed in the liquid-liquid and solid-liquid regions. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.