Applied Surface Science, Vol.368, 456-463, 2016
Effect of Zn(NO3)(2) concentration in hydrothermal-electrochemical deposition on morphology and photoelectrochemical properties of ZnO nanorods
Zn(NO3)(2) concentration had been reported to be significantly influential on electrodeposition of ZnO structures. In this work, this issue is revisited using hydrothermal-electrochemical deposition (HED). Seedless, cathodic electrochemical deposition of ZnO films is carried out on ITO electrode at 130 degrees C in a closed glass reactor with varying Zn(NO3)(2) concentration. Regardless of the concentration of Zn2+ precursor (0.001-0.1 M) in the deposition solution, vertically aligned 1-D ZnO nanorods are obtained as opposed to electrodepositions at lower temperatures (70-80 degrees C). We also report the effects of high bath temperature and pressure on the photoelectrochemical properties of the ZnO films. Manipulation of precursor concentration in the deposition solution allows adjustment of the aspect ratio of the nanorods and the degree of texturation along the c-axis; hence photoinduced current density. HED is shown to provide a single step synthesis route to prepare ZnO rods with desired aspect ratio specific for the desired application just by controlling the precursor concentration. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.