화학공학소재연구정보센터
Separation and Purification Technology, Vol.157, 60-71, 2016
Effects of hydrophilic silica nanoparticles and backing material in improving the structure and performance of VMD PVDF membranes
Effects of hydrophilic silica nanoparticles and Non-Woven Fabric (NWF) backing material on the properties and performance of the Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) membrane have been studied in this work. The nanocomposite membranes were prepared by the phase inversion method and characterized in terms of surface pore size, cross-sectional morphology, thickness, porosity, surface roughness and hydrophobicity. The fabricated membranes were subjected to Vacuum Membrane Distillation (VMD) experiments and their performance was evaluated through measuring the pure water flux and salt rejection. According to the results, effects of the hydrophilic nano-additives and NWF polyester enabled much higher VMD flux than the neat PVDF membrane when an appropriate amount of the nano-filler was added, possibly due to increase in the surface pore size and the reduction of the sponge-like layer thickness. The supported nanocomposite membranes possessed appropriate Liquid Entry Pressure (LEPw) and mechanical strength, which make the membrane applicable in VMD process. When 7.0 wt.% of the silica nanoparticles was incorporated in a NWF supported membrane, the pure water flux became 12749.6 g/m(2) h at feed temperature of 27.5 degrees C and permeate side pressure of 1.2 kPa, representing a 2456% increase from the neat PVDF membrane. Almost complete NaCl rejection was also achieved when tested with 35 g/L NaCl aqueous solution. (C) 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.