Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.138, No.10, 3461-3468, 2016
Semisynthesis of Intact Complex-Type Triantennary Oligosaccharides from a Biantennary Oligosaccharide Isolated from a Natural Source by Selective Chemical and Enzymatic Glycosylation
Attachment of oligosaccharides to proteins is a major post-translational modification. Chemical syntheses of oligosaccharides have contributed to clarifying the functions of these oligosaccharides. However, syntheses of oligosaccharide-linked proteins are still challenging because of their inherent complicated structures, including diverse di- to tetra-antennary forms. We report a highly efficient strategy to access the representative two types of triantennary oligosaccharides through only 9 or 10-step chemical conversions from a biantennary oligosaccharide, which can be isolated in exceptionally homogeneous form from egg yolk. Four benzylidene acetals were successfully introduced to the terminal two galactosides and two core mannosides of the biantennary asialononasaccharide bearing 24 hydroxy groups, followed by protection of the remaining hydroxy groups with acetyl groups. Selective removal of one of the benzylidene acetals gave two types of suitably protected glycosyl acceptors. Glycosylation toward the individual acceptors with protected Gal-beta-1,4-GlcN thioglycoside and subsequent deprotection steps successfully yielded two types of complex-type triantennary oligosaccharides.